Rule 1: Under normal conditions, the safest way to stop a vehicle is to apply the brakes promptly and calmly, and gradually increase the pressure on the brake to fully immobilize the vehicle.
Rule 2: In case of danger, you may have to apply the brakes immediately, trying to avoid locking the wheels, since this may lead to the loss of control over the vehicle.
Rule 3: If you apply the brakes very sharply, the vehicle may skid. In this case, you should remove your foot from the brake and turn the wheel towards the direction of the skid. For example, if the rear of the vehicle skids to the right, you must promptly turn the wheel to the right to recover control.
Rule 4: ABS. If your vehicle is equipped with an ABS system, you must follow the directions provided in the manual of your vehicle. Nevertheless, in case of emergency, apply the brakes with the necessary strength and do not release until the vehicle stops or slows down to the desired speed. Remember, though, that even if the ABS ensures preservation of control over the steering wheel, it does not ensure immobilization of the vehicle within a smaller distance.
Rule 5: Brakes are affected by water. If you have travelled through a point on the road with a lot of water, your brakes may temporarily be less effective. Test them by pressing your foot gently and repeat, driving at a low speed until they dry out.